For Black families, school choice has always been intertwined with our self-determination, liberation and education. While forces always have tried to limit our options in America, we, in turn, have always resisted and pushed for the ability to create our own opportunities for quality education.
Despite some of the rhetoric about charter schools, school choice has long been a staple in Black communities. For us, this journey did not begin 25 years ago. And, just as the notion that Black Lives Matter isn’t new, Black families exercising school choice is rooted in our trek for liberation itself. Although we can go as far back as the 1860s to highlight the inadequacies of the schools established in Black communities, for now, let’s just fast forward 100 years.
People find it surprising that Malcolm X, in the 1960s, advocated for community schools—schools wholly apart from the traditional public schools in Harlem. Black Panther Party members also created schools to ensure that Black students were receiving the quality of education they deserved.
Activists, including teachers, launched over 40 Freedom Schools in Mississippi to respond to the wholly inadequate and racist school systems thrust onto our communities. The Freedom Schools’ mission was to create a choice, a real choice, that was:
- The school is an agent of social change.
- Students must know their own history.
- The curriculum should be linked to the student’s experience.
- Questions should be open-ended.
- Developing academic skills is crucial.
Later, under the leadership of Marian Edelman Wright, the Children’s Defense Fund was established to relaunch the concept of Freedom Schools.
Education as the North Star
Financially strapped parents—like both sets of my grandparents—who saw education as the North Star to liberation scraped together meager earnings to send their children to private school, even while paying taxes for a persistently failing neighborhood school.
My mother exercised school choice for similar reasons that her mother did. Black families pursuing educational justice cannot be bound to neighborhood schools that have struggled to properly educate children for generations.
I attended a full-time Freedom School in Philadelphia, Nidhamu Sasa (Discipline/Freedom Now), established to ensure students were highly educated with a focus on nurturing a strong positive racial identity and a lasting commitment and accountability to community. Nidhamu Sasa was one of several local and national examples of entire communities exercising school choice.
I never attended a traditional public school in the United States until my 10th grade year. As a teenager, I grew to love several aspects of my traditional neighborhood public school, but it didn’t take me long to realize why my family did not view our neighborhood schools as transformative experiences. My siblings were homeschooled after my mother pulled them out of the neighborhood elementary school that would, over 20 years later, become a charter school.
We study history to learn from it, but it also warns and inform us. We know that if we allow people to restrict our school choice for generations, we do it at our children’s peril.
And, just like #BLackLivesMatter, so do Black children’s school choices.